What Can I Learn About Berlin’s Different Eras by Walking Through the City?

  • The Original Free Walking Tour in Berlin

     When: Every day at 10am & 12pm Where: The meeting point is in front of Generator Berlin Alexanderplatz, Otto-Braun-Straße 65, 10178 Berlin, Germany. Next to the Entrance. Explore Berlin’s rich history and modern charm with our Free Walking Tour. This tour covers famous Berlin attractions, influential historical sights, stories of past wars, urban legends,… read more.



Berlin, the capital city of Germany, has a rich history that spans over several centuries. When exploring its streets, one can witness the traces of various eras that have shaped the city. From the medieval times to the modern era, let’s take a walk through Berlin’s different eras and discover the historical wonders the city has to offer.

Medieval Berlin

Centuries ago, Berlin began as a small trading and fishing settlement. The medieval era is marked by the founding of Berlin in the 13th century and the construction of its iconic brick Gothic buildings. One must-visit location from this era is the Nikolai Quarter, the oldest residential district in Berlin. Walking through its narrow cobblestone streets, you can feel the ambiance of the medieval times and explore the historic St. Nicholas Church.

The Prussian Era

In the 18th and 19th centuries, Berlin experienced significant growth and development during the era of Prussia. One of the most prominent landmarks from this time is the Brandenburg Gate. Built in the late 18th century, it served as a symbol of power and unity. Surrounding the gate, you’ll find the impressive Unter den Linden boulevard, lined with stately buildings and historic monuments.

Another must-see location from the Prussian era is Charlottenburg Palace. This lavish palace showcases the grandeur and opulence of the kings and queens of Prussia. Take a stroll through its gardens and marvel at the stunning architecture and captivating history.

World War II and the Cold War

Berlin played a pivotal role during World War II and later became a symbol of the Cold War, divided into East and West. Walking through Berlin’s center, you’ll come across remnants of the Berlin Wall, which separated the city from 1961 to 1989. Checkpoint Charlie, a famous border crossing during the Cold War, offers a glimpse into this turbulent period of history.

A visit to the Topography of Terror museum is also highly recommended. Located on the site of the former Gestapo and SS headquarters, it provides a comprehensive understanding of the Nazi regime and its impact on Berlin and the world.

Modern Berlin

Since the fall of the Berlin Wall, Berlin has transformed into a vibrant and multicultural city. The Potsdamer Platz district is a remarkable example of modern architecture, with skyscrapers and futuristic buildings. Visit the Sony Center, an urban entertainment complex, and experience the dynamic atmosphere of contemporary Berlin.

Additionally, the East Side Gallery offers an opportunity to witness the power of art and the celebration of freedom. It’s the longest remaining stretch of the Berlin Wall, now adorned with vibrant murals created by artists from around the world.


Walking through Berlin allows you to travel through time and experience the city’s unique history. From its medieval roots to the Prussian era, from the turmoil of World War II to the vibrant present, Berlin offers a blend of architectural wonders, historical landmarks, and cultural diversity. Remember to wear comfortable shoes, bring a map or guidebook, and immerse yourself in this fascinating journey through Berlin’s different eras. Happy exploring!




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